What Causes Tooth Sensitivity?

What Causes Tooth Sensitivity?

Sep 19, 2019

Have you ever felt pain after a bite of ice cream or a spoonful of hot soup? If so, you’re not alone. The pain caused by foods could be a sign of a cavity, but it’s also common in people who have sensitive teeth. Tooth sensitivity can be a temporary or a chronic problem, and it can affect one tooth or several teeth.

Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

Some people naturally have more sensitive teeth than others because they have thinner enamel. In most cases, the tooth’s enamel can be affected by:

  • Usage of a hard toothbrush
  • Brushing the teeth too hard
  • Continuously having acidic foods and beverages
  • Grinding your teeth at night

Sometimes, there are conditions like gastroesophageal reflux that can cause acid to come up from the stomach and esophagus, and may hamper the teeth over time. Gum recession can also cause sensitivity which usually leaves sections of the tooth exposed and unprotected. Tooth decay, chipped teeth, broken teeth, and worn-down fillings or crowns can cause sensitivity.

Why Does Sugar Cause Sensitivity?

The sweets in desserts or soda drinks contain high amounts of carbohydrates that mingle with bacteria in your mouth to form acids. Such acids in turn cause enamel erosion, and higher amounts of sugar leads to greater acid production and an increased chance of sensitivity. If teeth are exposed to sugary food a lot, it will cause tooth decay.

How is Tooth Sensitivity Treated?

  • If the sensitivity is mild, one can try over-the-counter dental treatments.
  • One should use a soft-bristled toothbrush.
  • One should use alcohol-free mouthwash to rinse the mouth as it will be less irritating.
  • One should choose toothpastes specifically made for sensitive teeth. These toothpastes will have desensitizing ingredients that help block the discomfort from traveling to the nerve of the tooth.
  • Dentists can also prescribe a fluoride gel or prescription-grade desensitizing agents. These products will help the enamel and protect your teeth.

Do you need a dentist near you now? Don’t worry, Excel Dental Care in Ellicott City, MD offers complete dental care from general dentistry to implants.

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